For over 50 years, Tullamore-born Professor Father Michael J. Kelly has worked tirelessly in the fight against HIV/AIDS in his naturalised country of Zambia, and internationally, spreading the message of strength, dignity, and hope for those affected and at risk.
He worked for many years as headmaster of Canislius College in Chiseki in Zambia.
Father Michael completed his PhD studies in the area of child and educational psychology in 1974 and subsequently became a senior lecturer and Dean of the School of Education in the University of Zambia (UNZA), in 1975. He served as pro-vice chancellor and deputy vice chancellor and became professor in 1989.
He is a renowned speaker and advocate on HIV and AIDS, and has worked tirelessly to educate and promote safe behaviour among youth and those most at risk in Zambia, throughout sub-Saharan Africa, and much further afield. He is also active in other policy areas, such as strategies for HIV prevention, and human rights. A prolific researcher and writer, Father Michael has authored 15 books, and many original research articles. Throughout his long and distinguished career, Father Michael has worked as a consultant to organisations such as the World Bank, UNESCO, UNICEF, the FAO, UNAIDS, Oxfam, Irish Aid, and many more.
Among the many honours in recognition of his outstanding work, Father Michael was awarded Honorary Degrees by University College Dublin in 2006 and the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) in 2012. He was honoured for his work on HIV and AIDS by the Minister of State at the Department of Foreign and Trade.
He recently received the Order of Distinguished Service Award from President Lungu of Zambia, in recognition of his contributions to the promotion of education, social justice and HIV/AIDs.
Ciarán Cannon T.D, Minister of State for the Diaspora and International Development
Ciarán Cannon is Minister of State at the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade with special responsibility for the Diaspora and International Development. He is a TD representing Galway East. Ciarán is formerly the Minister for Training & Skills at the Department of Education & Skills. He was first elected to Dáil Eireann in February 2011.
Ciarán was elected to Galway County Council in June 2004, to represent the Loughrea Electoral Area.
Following the 2007 General Election An Taoiseach nominated him to Seanad Eireann.
Ciarán is also a strong advocate of the use of technology in education and is the founder of “Excited – The Digital Learning Movement”. He worked closely with teachers and industry leaders to make the case for the introduction of computer science as a subject in Irish schools.
Ciarán was born in Kiltullagh, Athenry and he lives there with his wife Niamh and son Evan. He is an award winning musician and songwriter and some of his work has been performed by the RTE Concert Orchestra.
He is also an avid cyclist and regularly participates in a 900km fundraising cycle for the Irish Pilgrimage Trust, a national charity caring for children and young people with disabilities. Ciarán was chosen as one of Galway’s People of the Year in March 2002.
At this year’s event as in previous years, the Irish Global Health Network facilitated Irish Aid’s Annual Father Michael Kelly HIV and AIDS Lecture. This year’s theme was HIV and Women: Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights
The event took place from 5 -7.30 pm on November 28 in Smock Alley Theatre.
The lecture included a video address from Father Michael Kelly in Zambia, and ewas be moderated by broadcaster and entertainer, Dil Wickramesinghe. Full video presentations are available in the other tabs on this site.
Full List of Participants
Moderator: Dil Wickremasinghe
Ciarán Cannon is Minister of State at the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Professor Fr Michael Kelly, Zambia
Joannie Marlene Bewa, Physician, Researcher and Advocate, Benin
Georgina Caswell, Head of Programmes, Global Network of People Living with HIV, South Africa
Ailbhe Smyth, Academic, Feminist and Activist
Ellie Marley, HIV Stigma & Shame Researcher
Ruairi De Burca, Director General, Irish Aid Musical performance by: SUSO Youth Choir, Kilcock directed by Eimear and Claire Crehan, Musicians
Khuat Thi Hai Oanh is a medical doctor graduated from Hanoi Medical University, with a Master Degree on Sexual and Reproductive Health Research from London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. She co-founded the Institute for Social Development Studies (ISDS) in 2002, and the Center for Support Community Development Initiatives (SCDI) in 2010 – both are Vietnamese non-governmental organizations. Oanh is currently the Executive Director of SCDI. Aiming at contributing to the Sustainable Development Goals agenda, SCDI focuses on community empowerment and creating enabling environments for the most marginalized and vulnerable populations, such as sex workers, drug users, people living with HIV, their spouses and children, poor migrants, ethnic minorities as well as LGBTIQA people.
In her other capacities, Oanh is the Chair of Vulnerable Community
Support Platform of Vietnam (VCSPA), as well as Chair of Council of
Representatives of APCASO – an Asia Pacific network of civil society
organisations working on health and human rights. She is a member of the
Strategic and Technical Advisory Committee on HIV and Viral Hepatitis
for the WHO.
Oanh was selected to the World Fellow Program at Yale University in
2005. In 2009, the World Economic Forum honoured her as a Young Global
Leader. In 2014, she was given Dedoner Clayton Award by the French
Pasteur Institute and Nobel Laureate Françoise Barré-Sinoussi. In 2017,
she was listed among the 50 Most Influential Vietnamese Women by Forbes
Ciarán Cannon is Minister of State at the Department of Foreign Affairs and
Trade with special responsibility for the Diaspora and International
Development. He is a TD representing Galway East. Ciarán is formerly the
Minister for Training & Skills at the Department of Education & Skills.
He was first elected to Dáil Eireann in February 2011.Ciarán was elected to
Galway County Council in June 2004, to represent the Loughrea Electoral
Area.Following the 2007 General Election An Taoiseach nominated him to Seanad
Ciarán is also a strong advocate of the use of technology in education and is the founder of “Excited – The Digital Learning Movement”. He worked closely with teachers and industry leaders to make the case for the introduction of computer science as a subject in Irish schools. He was gracious enough to attend the 2018 lecture and provide an opening address.
Dil is a social entrepreneur and co-founded the mental health support
service Insight Matters with her wife Anne Marie Toole. Insight Matters
operates out of two centres, one in Mountjoy Square and the second on
Capel Street. Along with a team of 55 psychotherapists they provide low
cost, inclusive and culturally sensitive psychotherapy and counselling
services to over 400 clients per week. Together they hope to “inspire
change in self and society.” Dil has just begun her own training as a
counsellor and psychotherapist in Dublin Business School.
Alongside her work as a mental health advocate she was a dedicated Social Justice and Mental Health broadcaster and journalist for a decade where she presented the award winning weekly programme “Global Village” on Newstalk 106-108. After her departure from Newstalk in 2017 she began her own weekly podcast “Sparking Change with Dil” on the Head Stuff Podcast Network. Dil is an occasional stand-up comedian and in 2012 she made her debut in Irish theatre in Box of Frogs with Mary McEvoy and John Moynes. She acted as our moderator and general stage host for the evening’s lecture.
It is with great pleasure that I welcome all of you to this annual lecture-event. Most sincere thanks to every one of you for the interest and commitment you have shown by coming to this gathering in Smock Alley, Dublin’s great historical theatre. Very special thanks to Minister Cannon and Irish Aid, and through them the Irish people, for the annual investment in this event aimed at ensuring that the AIDS epidemic does not slip off either our national or personal agendas. I would also like to pay tribute to the Irish Forum for Global Health for its assioduous work in organising this evening’s event. Heartfelt thanks to Nadine Ferris-France, Nicola Brennan and all of you for you vision and efforts.
With only one principal speaker and a panel to consider issues and answer questions, this year’s programme promises to be a little different from that of previous years. But, as always, you will hear from a wonderful range of personalities. The principal speaker will be Dr. Khuat, a medical doctor from Vietnam, who founded and runs a centre for improving the lives of marginalised individuals through community empowerment and the creation of an enabling environment. Dr. Khuat knows from experience what to do so that people are not left behind, and no doubt she will share some of this with you.
The panel consists of Dr. Khuat, Robbie Lawlor, who was so vitally impressive at this event two years ago, Rory O’Neill, who in addition to being Queen of Ireland is a vigorous anti-HIV activist, and Nicole Brennan, who is well known to almost all of you. The discussion will be moderated by Dil Wickremasinghe, a proud Irish citizen and well-known broadcaster whose passions are social justice, mental health and stand-up comedy. In many ways, Dil epitomizes the thrust of this evening’s event, with her personal belief that equality for one is equality for all.
“Leaving no one behind” is the motto adopted in 2015 by the United Nations for its programme of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Taken together, these goals or aspirations paint a picture of the world we hope to build by 2030. Key amongst them are the elimination of abject poverty, achieving zero hunger, and ensuring good health and well-being for all.
The goal of good health refers to the overcoming the major illnesses that continue to plague the human condition. Prominent among these are AIDS, TB and malaria. For HIV and AIDS, the target is that by the year 2030, which is only 11 years away, the epidemic will have come to an end, with HIV and AIDS no longer posing a health threat in any part of the world. Achieving this poses huge challenges. It means stopping all new HIV infections, every one of them, ensuring that every HIV infected person in the world has access to life-preserving anti-retroviral drugs, and making it absolutely routine that every such person faithfully takes the prescribed medicines every day. Notice the small words “all” and “every”. Stop ALL new HIV infections; get EVERY infected person on to anti-retrovirals; make sure that EVERY such person takes the necessary drugs EVERY day. In other words, leave NO ONE behind.
These are colossal challenges, but they are what the world wants to achieve, what the world intends to do. Reach everyone. Leave no one behind. And when we talk about this in relation to AIDS, thankfully there are good reasons for optimism, though sadly there may be even greater reasons for pessimism. The good news is that because of sustained access to anti-retroviral therapy, the number of AIDS-related deaths is now lower than it has ever been before in this century. In addition, almost 22 million people are on treatment – though the flip side of this great achievement is that more than 15 million HIV-infected individuals still do not have access to the treatment that can save their lives and protect their partners from HIV infection.
But the optimism that these achievements inspire makes it necessary for us to be frank about the hard problems that still need to be solved. And that is what we are aiming to do this evening: identify who it is that is being left behind in the confrontation with HIV and AIDS, get some idea of why this is happening, and see what can be done about it.
As to identifying who is being left behind in the struggle with HIV and AIDS, you have probably guessed right. In every part of the world, it is those who are already marginalised, uncertain, weak and poor who are more vulnerable to HIV infection or to negative impacts of the disease – the economically poor, women, children, adolescents and the young, people of diverse sexual orientation, sex workers, injecting drug users, prisoners.
Then in addition to all these we have the sobering fact that formidable obstacles stand in the way of providing HIV services to the people who need them most. No doubt, the presenters this evening will consider some of these, but let me mention four issues that remain critical.
First, even though women are more likely than men to take a HIV test and to adhere to HIV treatment, gender inequalities and the disempowerment of women, particularly in the case of adolescent girls and young women, remain as powerful obstacles to progress against the disease, and these inequalities are so deep-rooted that they will give way only to very comprehensive and sustained efforts to reduce and eventually eliminate them.
Second, there is the marginalisation and very often outright rejection of people of diverse sexual orientation, exacerbated by restrictive laws and policies, even though such individuals are at a particularly high risk of HIV acquisition.
Third, the world has already started to experience a vast increase in the number of young people, with the largest ever generation of young people entering into adolescence and adulthood. But as we noted last year, all these young people are very vulnerable to infection by HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. And the bleak reality is that we are not doing enough to prevent them from becoming infected or to reach out to those of them who are already infected, as witness by the fact that AIDS is the second most common cause of death among adolescents globally. Tragically, young people feature prominently among those being left behind and the tsunami of their expanding numbers is a stark warning that another devastating tsunami is approaching, that of their becoming ravaged by HIV and AIDS.
Fourth, there is the continued inexcusable spectre of stigma and discrimination. Although these have been somewhat reduced globally, people living with HIV and those at higher risk of HIV infection continue to face these detestable situations, and in a tragic twist they must also endure the self-stigma that may arise from knowing that they are HIV-infected.
Friends, just one month ago the world was celebrating the end of the First World War, the so-called “war to end all wars”. But we know what a mockery that designation turned out to be, with the horrors of all the wars that have taken place in the last century and that continue to ravage the world today. We don’t want this tragic scenario to be repeated in the world of HIV and AIDS, with fresh outbursts of the disease and a resurgence of the epidemic. The world can and must do better. It must reach every person who is in need, whether for prevention or treatment. It must leave no one behind. Failing that, the epidemic will rebound, with disastrous consequences for millions of people. At all costs, we must strive to avoid that.
With these few introductory remarks, let me now give the floor to the speakers and the business of the evening. It will surely be a challenging evening of inputs and deliberations. I wish you well in all of them and hope most sincerely that they will lead to some clearer picture of how the struggle with HIV and AIDS we can leave no one behind and thereby come closer to the ultimate goal of a world free from the threat of this devastating disease.
Finally, Ladies and Gentlemen, let me thank you again for your presence and support this evening. I wish every one of you an interesting although challenging evening; and when it is over, I wish each one of you a safe journey back to your homes.
Thank you. May God bless all of you. And may each one of you and your loved ones have a very happy Christmas.”
Following the guest speakers at the 2017 Irish Aid Professor Father Michael Kelly Lecture on HIV and AIDS, there was a Q&A session, chaired by Irish Aid Director General Ruairi de Burca. Please click below to watch the session.
Dr. Chewe Luo, Chief of HIV/AIDS at UNICEF’s Programme Division, was the second guest speaker at the 2017 Irish Aid Professor Father Michael Kelly Lecture on HIV and AIDS. Please click below to watch Dr. Luo’s speech, and click on the second image to download Dr. Luo’s presentation slides.
Daphine Abaho, Peer Educator with Mildmay Uganda, was the first guest speaker at the 2017 Irish Aid Professor Father Michael Kelly Lecture on HIV and AIDS. Please click below to watch Daphine’s moving and informative address, and scroll down to read her address in full.
Daphine Abaho, Peer Educator, Mildmay Uganda
Royal Irish Academy, Dublin, Ireland
28th November 2017
Good evening, ladies and gentlemen.
My name is Daphine Abaho. I am from Uganda. I am 22 years old and I live with HIV. I am a volunteer peer educator and I work with Mildmay Uganda. I welcome you to visit my beautiful country and to visit Mildmay. I thank you in a special way for choosing to come here today. Like someone – I do not know who – once said; broken Irish is better than clever English. Thank you – go raibh maith agat – thank you. Thank you.
On behalf of the young people of the world, especially in Uganda and other developing countries where I come from, who live with HIV and so suffer its effects; on behalf of the adolescents and the young men and women with HIV at Mildmay Uganda’s Centre of Excellence for HIV prevention, care, and treatment, and on behalf of all children with HIV especially those born and so live with it not out of their making, I am profoundly honoured to be accorded the opportunity to stand before you. How I wish you could open my heart and see that I am happy! You know, I come from a tribe of a people for whom happiness on their faces and eyes may not easily come naturally! But I am happy. Indeed, it is a privilege for me to address the The Irish Aid Annual Prof. Fr. Michael Kelly Lecture on HIV and AIDS, because, mine – ours, as you know – is a story of an unwavering hope in despair, of solace in the face of animosity, and of resilience and steadfastness in adversity.
Permit me to thank the gorgeous Nadine for inviting me to speak at this most noble forum. You know I am a most unlikely candidate for this; there are thousands of young people living with HIV who have hugely amazing stories and for me to be chosen to speak for them is of a singular honour. Thank you, Nadine, Steve, Nicola and Vincent. I am humbled that Irish Aid invited me to come here. I am indebted to your generosity, to your service for humanity, and to your work. And you know Irish Aid is one of my country’s biggest donor partners. Thank you.
I thank Fr. Michael Kelly for his work on HIV/AIDS. I thank him particularly for his work in Africa. Thank you, Father.
Permit me, also, to express my deeply sincere gratitude to the International HIV/AIDS Alliance who profiled my story. Thank you, Gemma. Thank you, Georgina. Thank you Laura, thank you Lora. Thank you to everybody.
I am thinking in a particular way of my Mildmay Uganda family back at home, without whose continued care, perhaps, I wouldn’t be here, maybe I wouldn’t have a life. Thank you Dr Barbara Mukasa and your team. Thank you. Thank you, above all, for bearing me. Thank you again.
Lastly, but certainly not the least, join me in thanking the global family – governments, organisations, and foundations – for your efforts in combatting HIV. You have given me a life.
We are gathered in this place to think on YOUNG PEOPLE AND HIV. It is a unique moment in the era of HIV. As you well know, young people under the age of 14 years constitute a quarter of the world’s population while those between 15 and 24 years of age constitute almost a fifth. Uganda’s youths are the youngest population in the world; in fact, 77% of our population is under 30 years of age implying most of it is dependent! Now, look, the unemployment rate for young people aged 15 to 24 years of age in Uganda is a shocking 83%! Meanwhile, access to education in my country is still low; for every ten students enrolled into primary school, only one is enrolled into secondary. Uganda’s HIV prevalence is 6.5%. We know that HIV disproportionately affects the female gender; the HIV prevalence among women in Uganda is 3.8% while that among men is 1.9%. In fact, 570 young women aged 15 to 24 years acquire HIV every week! I would like you, ladies and gentlemen, to think very deeply on these numbers. Let us also note, ladies and gentlemen, that a multitude of children are still born with HIV in this age.
You will, then, ask how I got HIV and how I did get along. I was born a lone child with HIV two decades ago in a village in the south-western part of Uganda, near the famed Mgahinga National Park with its beautiful mountain gorillas. When I was born I did not know my father for he walked away on us, he has remained, but, a dream. I know he’s dead because I was told that I buried him – although I did not know him. I do not know how he acquired HIV. There were no programs for Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV in my village. Because my father was away, my mother had to work to fend for me. She went off to the city to look for work when I was five. She did odd jobs including vending ill-preserved foodstuffs to travellers, hawking used and damped – or ‘second hand’ – clothes – as we call them back home. She earned about 90 US Dollars per month. This was very little for me to have an education that would be meaningful.
During this time up until the age of twelve I grew up with my grandmother who has since passed on. Later on I did join my mother and went to city schools. We did not own property in the city but mother worked and bought a house in the village. My grandmother lived in the house until she died. Because she had full-blown AIDS, when I was seventeen, mother succumbed to it and died. It was a most defining moment in my life. Just to dwell a bit on what happened after that. In many parts of my country women and girls do not have rights to property because of their gender. Our ‘caste’ society considers them ‘second class’ citizens. Shortly after we buried her, my aunties on my mother’s side took up the property and sold it off. I would learn, later, that mother had borrowed some money from them in order to fend for me. I dropped out of secondary school when she died. I stayed with my aunties for a year until they threw me out.
Life challenged me; because I was very vulnerable, as you may know, life’s challenges hit me head on. To take you back a little bit, I discovered that I had HIV in 2004 at the age of eight when I was brought to the then Mildmay Center in Uganda having suffered a condition that health facilities in my village could not treat. I was enrolled onto treatment – to this day, by the way. I suffered a low self-esteem. I suffered negativity and anguish. I felt isolated from my peers and from society. I contemplated suicide; it was so tough the stigma I faced, you can only imagine. Once, I just stopped taking my medication and wished I could die and be where my mother was. Because of my decision to get off medication, I fell very ill. I failed on first line treatment. I was going to die. At this point I am thinking particularly of Dr. Ivy Kasirye a Paediatrician who was in charge of the Paediatric Ward at Mildmay Uganda. Dr. Ivy treated me and took care of me, I am indebted. More important, though, is that she gave me reason to live, she supported me morally. Once she told me I would be a light to young people who have lost hope due to HIV, and that I would never know where the world and its endless opportunity would lead me. HERE I AM BEFORE YOU IN DUBLIN. You know in the part of the world where I come from we attach a lot of meaning to travelling. Dr. Ivy became a huge model for me. Thank you Dr. Ivy. Life became better for I found reason to live. Not that opportunity came my way, but I began to see life differently. I started taking my medication again. I disclosed my status to other young people, I took a personal decision to live a positive life. The anguish has since gone; the negativity has vanished. Now I live with esteem.
Therefore, I stand here today to share with you my story. I stand here today for the millions of young people who live with HIV to echo their quest for equity. I stand here knowing that my story will be a voice for them who suffer ridicule and reproach. I stand here knowing that there is a brighter day tomorrow.
I stand here to address HIV through bridging gender inequality, through keeping adolescent girls and young women free of HIV, fronting social justice in the face of injustice, creating systems that protect the rights of minors, and addressing barriers to an HIV free world. I am thinking of my friend Mariam, who as a twelve-year-old village girl, was raped on her way from a well to fetch water for the family and infected with HIV over a decade ago. She became pregnant and gave birth to a beautiful baby – girl free of HIV. The authorities, it is alleged, took a bribe from the sexual offender, released him from his prison cell almost as soon as he had been locked up, and left the village to never be seen to this day. Mariam’s family abandoned her and so could not continue with her education. She found work as a volunteer peer educator to young people with HIV, earning about 60 US Dollars per month. She thought she would pay her fees and go back to school but then that would not be enough for her and for her child who is now about 8 years old. She has decided to keep her daughter in school. But then she cannot get a regular job, let alone a well-paying one. Her daughter will certainly drop out if she is not helped.
That, too, is my story; I earn just over 60 US Dollars per month from the work I do as a volunteer peer educator to young people with HIV; it is impossible for me to go back to school, let alone pay for my house rent. I am indebted, at this juncture, to a friend of my late mother – I call him ‘Uncle Brian’ – and his family, in whose house I stay and do not have to pay rent – for now. I am also indebted to Mildmay Uganda where Mariam and I work as volunteer peer educators – for now for we do not know what the future holds.
From these, therefore, we gathered here, should not be blind to the disaffection young people living with HIV go through. They are broken-hearted, they are ravaged, they are suffering. So we, here, must keep hearing them. We must feel for them. We must address their need. We must not wish them away ever. I recommend the following;
I implore governments, NGOs, the civil society fraternity, religious organisations, men and women of good will to press on, to do more. For people who are like me, we need more. In my country, the deficit for life-saving therapy, for behavioural and psychosocial support, for antiretroviral medicines is well over 50%. There is need for support for peer education, for more DAPHINES to do this work. I need to go back to school, I want to be a counsellor. Organisations like mine – Mildmay Uganda – need more support; there is a huge deficit for our HIV programs. The work is enormous.
I further recommend that we front human rights, both basic and fundamental, for we need a renewed emphasis on these or we risk reversing the gains. Without the right to information, or to health, or to an education, or even to proper nutrition or to a habitat, we cannot end HIV.
To the young people all over the world living with HIV, I say again; I am Daphine and I have HIV. I have lived with it for 22 years. My advice to you is; do not feel disaffected and alienated. I am on treatment. It is not the end of your life. You still have a bright future to live however obscure it may seem.
Ladies and gentlemen, once again I am honoured to be with you here today. I dream of a world free of HIV for the children of the future. I wake up every day to contribute to that life through my work with young people at Mildmay Uganda. I ‘LOVE A POSITIVE LIFE’.
Like Fr. Michael Kelly I ask you to spread the message of strength, dignity, and hope for those affected and at risk and to work to avert HIV. Humanity will celebrate the promise of our work.
Thank you, everybody.
Go raibh maith agat.
Thank you. May the good Lord bless you abundantly.
Irish-Zambian HIV/AIDS activist, educator and advocate. This site archives Fr. Michael's inspirational World AIDS Day Lectures and related materials.